Dress code in 3 main regions of Vietnam

Vietnam has 3 main regions across the country, the North, the South, and the Middle.

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Ao Tu Than

Ao Tu Than, this dress is deemed to be one of Vietnam’s enduring traditional attires, having been worn widely by Vietnamese women in the North centuries before the emergence of the Ao Dai. Usually made of plain fabric in dark colors, the “Ao Tu Than” has long been a dress of peasant women. Despite being different in forms, the basic Ao Tu Than consists of a flowing outer tunic with two flaps split at the waist, a long skirt worn under the tunic, Yem- an ancient bodice worn as an undergarment by women and a silk sash tied at the waist as a belt. Using a variety of hues and different types of fabrics in making the tunic, the bodice and the skirt makes this costume colorful and sensual. Nowadays, the Ao Tu Than is no longer commonly used in the daily life of Vietnamese people; however, it remains an

Despite being different in forms, the basic Ao Tu Than consists of a flowing outer tunic with two flaps split at the waist, a long skirt worn under the tunic, Yem- an ancient bodice worn as an undergarment by women and a silk sash tied at the waist as a belt. Using a variety of hues and different types of fabrics in making the tunic, the bodice and the skirt makes this costume colorful and sensual. Nowadays, the Ao Tu Than is no longer commonly used in the daily life of Vietnamese people; however, it remains an indispensible part of traditional festivals in northern Vietnam.

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Ao Ba Ba and Ao Dai

In the Central Region (the Middle), “ao dai” is worn. It is a long flowing tunic that consists of only 2 parts and is worn over a loose-fitting pair of either white, black, or colored pants. However, the white pants are usually preferred over the others. The dress splits into a front and back panel from the waist down. It is also buttoned down on the 1eft side to the waist. There are many stylish variations in color and collar design. The iconic “violet ao dai non la” is the symbol of women from the Middle of Vietnam.

The cone-shaped hat is called non la”. Non la nowaday is more for posing and decorating. In reality, non la is more functional than decorative. It is used indeed like a hat to protect one from the heat and the sun in everyday life situation.

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Ao Dai Non La

It has long been said that Ao Ba Ba becomes a symbol of the gentle soul and the elegant beauty of Vietnamese women, especially in the Southern rural areas of Vietnam. Compared with other Vietnamese traditional costume, this special casual wear is assumed to be simpler and easier to make.

It is simply consists of a pair of silk pants and a long-sleeved shirt with two flaps split equally at the two sides of the waist. The front part of the shirt is usually decorated with a middle button line and two pockets at the bottom. This costume is made of silk or soft fabrics and has versatile design varying with the colors used to make this attire. Dark colors, such as black and brow are used for working clothes. Bright and colorful outfits are for special occasions like festivals and cultural performances.

Nowadays, these dress-codes are no longer regularly used as they were in the old days, but they still be used on special occasions and festivals and remains a crucial part in the cultural and spiritual life of Vietnamese people.

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